1801 --- 1st US president
to be inaugurated in Washington, D.C.
1809 --- 1st woman
to be issued a US patent. She was granted a patent for the rights
to a technique for weaving straw with silk and thread to make bonnets.
1829 --- 1st first
known person to survive the jump off of Niagara Falls.
1831 --- 1st indicted
bank robber in the US. He was sentenced to five years hard labor
on the rock pile at Sing Sing Prison.
1835 --- 1st known
person to attempt to assassinate an American President. On January
30, 1835, President Andrew Jackson was attending the funeral of
South Carolina congressman Warren R. Davis. Lawrence fired two pistols
at point-blank range. Both misfired.
1837 --- founded
1st woman's college in US, Mt. Holyoke College.
1837 --- 1st English
monarch to live in Buckingham Palace.
William Henry Harrison
1841 --- 1st US
president to die in office. At 32 days, he also had the shortest
term in office.
1841 --- 1st recognized
boxing (fisticuffs) champion.
Antoinette de Correvont
1843 --- 1st professional
woman photographer. In 1843 she opened a Daguerreotype studio in
1849 --- 1st woman
to receive medical degree in US. (from the Medical Institution of
Antoinette Brown Blackwell
1853 --- 1st American
woman ordained a minister by a recognized denomination (Congregational.)
Jean François "Blondin" Gravelet
1859 --- 1st person
to cross Niagara Falls on a tightrope.
1859 --- world's
1st flying trapeze circus act. Performed at the Cirque Napoleon
in Paris, without safety nets.
1863 --- 1st African
American to receive the Congressional Medal of Honor (on July 18,1863
at Fort Wagner, S.C.)
Rebecca Lee Crumpler
1864 --- 1st African
to receive an M.D. degree in the US. She graduated from the New
England Female Medical College.
1865 --- 1st (and
only) woman to receive the US Medal of Honor. She was a Civil War
surgeon. Her medal was rescinded in 1916, however, when the Army
purged its files to cut down on what they thought were "unwarranted"
issues. It wasn't re-instated until 1976.
David Glasgow Farragut
1866 --- 1st Admiral
in US Navy.
Frank, Simeon, and William
1866 --- Committed
the first US train robbery. On October 6, 1866, the Reno brothers
boarded an eastbound train in Indiana wearing masks and toting guns.
After emptying one safe and tossing the other out the window, the
robbers jumped off the train and made an easy getaway.
Sir John Alexander McDonald
1867 --- 1st Prime
Minister of Canada.
Lucy Hobbs Taylor
1867 --- 1st woman
in the US to become a certified dentist. She graduated from the
Ohio College of Dental Surgery.
Ebenezer D. Bassett
1869 ---1st African
diplomat, minister-resident to Haiti.
1869 --- 1st woman lawyer.
A year later, Ada H. Kepley, of Illinois, graduates from the Union
College of Law in Chicago. She is the first woman lawyer to graduate
from a law school.
1870 --- 1st African
elected to U.S. House of Representatives, Georgia.
1870 --- 1st African
US Senator. He completed the term of Mississippi Senator Jefferson
Davis, who had resigned to become president of the Confederacy.
1871 --- 1st woman
to successfully climb the Matterhorn in Switzerland.
1872 --- 1st woman
to run for President of the US.
1874 --- 1st US
President born west of the Mississippi.
Louis De Geer
1874 --- 1st US
Prime Minister of Sweden
1875 --- 1st known
person to swim across the English Channel. (He drowned in 1883 after
unsuccessfully trying to swim across the whirlpools and rapids beneath
Mary Baker Eddy
1879 --- 1st and
only American woman to found a lasting American-based religion-
The Church of Christ (Scientist).
Belva Ann Bennett Lockwood
1879 --- 1st female
lawyer to plead a case before the US Supreme Court.
1879 --- 1st African
woman to study and work as a professionally trained nurse.
Moses Fleetwood Walker
1884 --- 1st African
baseball player in the major leagues.
1886 --- 1st President
married inside the White House.
1886 --- world's
1st chess champion.
Susanna M. Salter
1887 --- 1st woman
US mayor. (Argonia, KS). She won by a two-thirds majority but didn't
even know she was in the running until she went into the voting
booth. Her name was submitted by the Women's Christian Temperance
Union. She died at the age of 101 in 1961.
1887 --- 1st Jewish
ambassador from US. (Ambassador to Turkey.)
1889 --- 1st US
Secretary of Agriculture.
Louise Blanchard Bethune
1890 --- 1st woman
elected to full membership in the American Institute of Architects.
1890 --- 1st criminal
to be executed by electrocution (in Auburn Prison, Auburn, N.Y.,
Louis Henry Sullivan
1891 --- architect
of 10 story Wainwright Building, the 1st skyscraper.
1892 --- 1st (and
only) US President to win election to nonconsecutive terms. He defeated
Myra Bradwell, (nee Colby)
1892 --- 1st female
lawyer in US. She qualified for Illinois bar in 1869, but was prevented,
due to gender, from being admitted to practice until 1892.
1892 --- 1st immigrant
to pass through Ellis Island. She was 15 years old and from County
Queen Isabella of Spain
1893 --- 1st woman to
appear on a US postage stamp.
1896 --- winner of the
1st women's bicycling marathon, which took place on January 6-11,
1896 at Madison Square Garden in New York. She traveled 418 miles.
her "Gaelic Symphony" is the first symphony by a woman performed
in the United States, and possibly the world.
John J. McDermott
1897 --- winner of the
he 1st annual Boston Marathon - the first of its type in the US.